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宁愿...而不...”表达法种种  

2014-06-05 12:53:06|  分类: 中考英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[精讲]一 Prefer表示“宁愿”的表达法:

1. prefer something to something意为:喜欢某事而不喜欢某事或宁愿干某事而不原做某事。

[考例]1. ______ does Tom prefer _________ bananas?

A. How; to B. What; rather C. What; to D. Which; to

[点拨]答案为C.此题考查“prefer sth to sth”的结构;What作prefer的宾语,即:prefer what to bananas.

2. prefer doing something to doing something意为:宁愿做某事而不愿做某事。

如: 1. I prefer walking to cycling.

译文: 我宁愿步行而不愿骑车。

3. prefer to do something rather than do意为:宁愿做某事而不愿做某事。

如: He prefers to live in the countryside rather than stay in the city.

译文: 他宁愿住在乡村而不愿呆在城里。

[高考考例]1. Rather than _____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers _____ a bicycle.

A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding [MET1992]

[思路点拨]答案为C。此题考查“prefer to do something rather than do something”的结构。

4. Prefer somebody to do something 意为:宁愿某人做某事。

[高考考例]2. --- Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls?

--- Yes. They have better players, so I ______ them to win.

A. hope B. prefer C. expect D. want [NMET1999]

[思路点拨]本句在谈两个球队谁会胜,因为“the Stars有不错的选手”,具备赢比赛的条件。四个选项中,hope不可接sb to do sth. Expect 可以表示“预料或预计某事会发生”。Prefer 表示“更喜欢”,want为“想”, 他们侧重于主观意愿。故此题选择C为最佳。

[精讲]二 rather 表示“宁愿”的表达法:

1. would rather/ had rather ...than...意为: 宁愿...而不愿...

如:[错]1. I had rather stay with John than Charles.

[正] I had rather stay with John than Charles.

[错]2. I will rather play than work.

[正] I would/ had rather play than work.

[考例]1. --- Will you join us in a game of cards?

--- Thank you, but I’d rather A .

A. not B. not to C., not join D. not do

[考例]2. I asked if she would like a taxi. “No, I’d rather B a taxi. It’s such a lovely day,” she answered.

A. walk than to take B. walk than take

C. to walk than take D. to walk than to take

2. would rather前后可用不同的主语来表示某人宁愿让某人做某事。在这种情况下,一般用过去时来表示现在或将来;谈到过去的情况,一般用过去完成时。

如:1 I would rather you paid me now. (现在)

2. I would rather you had come yesterday. (过去)




2014年06月03日 - sanfecathy - 2014中高考英语园地

 

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