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pleasant、pleased、pleasure、pleasing、please 的区别  

2014-06-03 11:34:18|  分类: 高频词汇 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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pleasant 形容词,意思是‘合意的 令人愉快的、讨人喜欢的”, 常用于修饰物。如:

 We spent a very pleasant evening

我们度过了一个愉快的夜晚。

please 动词,“使高兴;使喜欢;取悦”

     短语:please sb 使某人高兴

如:I am pleased that you have a new job

我很高兴你有了一个新工作。

pleased 指“高兴的”、“满意的”, 主语通常是人

结构为:be pleased to do sth

                  be pleased about / with

                   be pleased that  - 从句 

如: He is very pleased with the progress we are making。

他对我们工作的进展很满意。

pleasing  指“令人愉快的”、“合意的”, 

如: The food is pleasing to my taste

这饭菜正合我的口味。

pleasure名词,快乐, 愉快, 满意, 高兴;愉快的事情, 娱乐; 乐趣

  如:It is s a pleasure for me to live with you

和你一起生活对我来说是件愉快的事情。

  May I have the pleasure dancing with you ?

我可以和你跳舞吗?

常用搭配:

                 for pleasure 为了取乐

                 take pleasure in  以。。。。。为乐趣

                with pleasure  当然了,很愿意。(用于客气地接受或同意做别人请求的事)

另外注意:With pleasure.和It's my pleasure.的不同?

1. It’s a Pleasure./ It's my pleasure与You are welcome.等习语意义相同,

用来回答感谢,意为“不用谢”;例如:

-Thank you for coming to see me .

-It’s a pleasure.-谢谢你来看我.-不用谢。

2. With pleasure与All right, No problem. I’d like to等习语意义相同。

用来答应对方的请求或邀请等,你很乐意去做的时候。意为“可以”“没问题”。例如:

-Could you post the letter for me ?

-With pleasure. -你能否替我把这封信寄走?-愿意效劳。

简单讲,It’s a pleasure用于事情发生之后,而with pleasure用于事情发生之前。

3. My pleasure是相当正式的说法,意思是“我的荣幸之至”。

你可以把它想成是It has been my pleasure to help you.(能够帮助你是我的荣幸。)的省略结果。

这个句子还能有如下的用法:

- "I'm glad to meet you.""The pleasure is all mine."("很高兴认识你。""哪里,我才是呢。") - "Could you help me for a minute?""My pleasure."("你可以帮我一下吗?""我很乐意"

其它短语:

for pleasure 为了取乐(消遣)

 

名词pleasure用法面面观

1. 表示一般意义的“愉快”“高兴”“快乐”等,是不可数名词;表示具体的“乐事”“快事”等,是可数名词。比较:

同你谈话(我们)很愉快。

正:It gives us much pleasure to talk with you.

正:It is a pleasure to talk with you.

2. 其后一般不接不定式,但可接of doing sth,但此时的pleasure前一般有定冠词。如:

May we have the pleasure of your company for lunch? 请和我们共进午餐好吗?

There’s nothing to compare with the pleasure of being with you. 跟你在一起是无比的愉快。

有时也后接in doing sth,但此时的pleasure前通常不用冠词。如:

He takes great pleasure in teaching children. 他很喜欢教小孩。

Children find endless pleasure in playing with water. 小孩子从玩水中可以找到无穷的乐趣。

注意下面这样的句子,句首的it为形式主语,其后后通常可接不定式(用作句子真正主语)。如:

It gives me great pleasure to grow flowers 种花给很大的乐趣。

3. 注意:下面两句从语法结构上看是一样的,但是从交际角度上看,第二句不可接受的:

正:May I have the pleasure of dancing with you? 我可以和你跳舞吗?

误:Will you have the pleasure of dancing with me?

4. 比较 my pleasure和 with pleasure:前者用来回答感谢,意为“不用谢”;

后者用来答应对方的请求或邀请等,意为“可以”“没问题”。如:

A:Thank you for helping me. 谢谢你帮了我。

B:My pleasure. 别客气。

A:Will you lend me the book? 这本书你借给我好吗?

B:With pleasure 可以。

注:回答感谢,除可用 my pleasure 外,还可用:

(It’s) a pleasure. / (It’s) my pleasure. / Pleasure was all mine. 等。

 


chance和opportunity的区别 - 玉兔王子 - bilixiang的博客

  义务教育英语课程标准五级词汇表(点击每一个单词,可直接链接到这个单词的用法.)

   


经典考题

1.What  we do  can't           everyone .

2.The trip was very                 ,but I felt a bit tired .

3. The two friends were very               to see each other .

4.-----Thank you for coming to see me .

  ------ It's a                

5. I was               that Sally had decided not to go abroad.   

6.Mom is very                      (please) with  her new job .    

7. ---I 'm very            with my own cooking . It looks nice and smells delicious 。

   --- Mm, It does have a                smell .

  A. pleasant ; pleased   B. pleased; pleased

  C. pleasant ; pleasant   D. pleased ; pleasant

8.He made some toys _______ his little son.
  A. please B. to please C. pleasing D. pleased

 

 

选用please, pleasant, pleased, pleasure填空:

1.         It was a ____________ surprise.

2.         It is ___________ to jog in the early morning.

3.         I went to Rome for __________, not on business.

4.         She is hard to__________.

5.         The winner of the race looked very__________.

6.         I’ll be _________ to lend you the book.

7.         That movie isn’t __________ to see.

8.         I was _________ to see him again.

9.         The boy’s success _________ his parents.

10.     I am __________ that you have got well.

11.     It gives me great __________ to grow flowers.

12.     He can find ___________ in just watching television.

13.     Don’t let your work be your only _________.

14.     He showed her around the city with _________.

15.     She was __________ with her new room.

16.     ----Would you hold this for a moment? ----With ___________.

17.     He had a __________ smile on his face.

 

 

 

 

Keys:

1.please  2.pleasnat  3.pleased  4. pleasure  5.  pleased . 6.pleased  7.D  8.B

   二     

1.  pleasant    2.  pleasant  3.  pleasure,  4. please.  5.  pleased.  6. pleased

7.  pleasant  8. pleased  9.  pleased  10.  pleased  11.  pleasure 12.   pleasure13.  pleasure.

14.  pleasure. 15.  pleased  16. pleasure. 17. pleased  

 

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