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use的用法  

2014-06-19 14:42:51|  分类: 高频词汇 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、 作名词   
1. 作用途解是可数名词。

   Can you find a use for these empty boxes? 

你能给这些空盒子派上用场吗?

   I need a tool with many uses. 

我需要一件有多种用途的工具。

   2. 作使用; 效用; 使用权解是不可数名词。多用于以下的固定短语中。

   1) (be) in use 正在使用。

   The dictionary is in use. 词典正被使用。

   2) (be) of use有用处;起作用。

   The cellphone is of great use. 手机很有用。

   3) make (good / full ) use of (好好 / 充分)利用   

We should make full use of every minute in order to learn English well. 

为了学好英语,我们应该充分利用每一分钟。   
此外,还有come into use(开始使用),have the use of(有权使用),There is no use doing sth. / It's no use doing sth. (做某事没有用)等搭配。   
二、 作动词   
1. 使用;运用。   
As a student, you should learn how to use a dictionary. 作为学生,你应该学会如何使用词典。   
2.与for或as连用,构成短语use...for,意为用来做......;为了......而使用, use... as为作为......使用;用作......之意。   
Bamboo can be used for carrying water. 竹子可以用来运水。   
Modern cellphones are more than just phones-they are being used as cameras and radios, and to send e-mail or surf the Internet. 

现代手机不仅仅是电话,它们也当作照相机和收音机使用,还可以发送电子邮件或上网。   
3. use up用完;用光。   
All the paper has been used up. 纸都用完了。   
4. used to惯常。   
used to后跟动词不定式,used to do sth. 过去常常做某事,暗示现在已经不再做某事。   
He used to be a quiet boy. 他过去是个安静的男孩。

 

根据use的用法,试做下列练习。

  I.用use, used to, be/get/become used to, be used as/for的适当形式填空。

  1. As you know, cotton ________ make quilts.

  2. He came from the north, so he ________ such hot weather.

  3. Who knows the name of the tool that ________ lifting cars?4. English ________ a foreign language.

  5. The farmers in China ________ live a poor life, but now most of them live a happy life.

  6. Please give me a knife ________ .

  7. You will ________ living in the country.

  8. We ________ go there every year when I was young.

  9. People ________ coal to cook and heat.

  10. There ________ be a free market in this village.

  II.用方框中所给词或词组的适当形式填空。

  use, be used to, get used to, used to

  1. Once you ________ smoking, you can hardly stop it.

  2. He ________ Chinese tea five years ago when he was in China.

  3. A tape-recorder can ________ record your voice.

  4. We ________ live in the city, but now we live in the countryside.

  5. This machine ________ make farm tools.

  6. I prefer not to go there by plane. I ________ (not) flying.

  7. It was a bit of shock: I ________ (not) paying so much for a Beijing roast.

  8. The medicine ________ externally only.

  9. A new production line has been put ________ in this factory since last month.

  10. I ________ (not) learning in a noisy situation.

  III.单项选择。

  1. -Is Paul playing soccer and tennis for theschool?

  -He ________ . But now he has given them up.

  A. is B. hasC. used toD. had

  2. Bamboo can ________ water, can't it?

  A. get used to carrying

  B. be used to carrying

  C. have used to carry

  D. be used to carry

  3. I'm not used to ________ like that.

  A. being spoken toB. be spoken to

  C. spoken to D. speaking to

  4.-Have you got used to ________ on this kind of computer?

  -Not yet, because I used to ________ the abacus before.

  A. work; use B. working; use

  C. work; using D. working; using

  5. He used ________ on the right in China, but he soon got used ________ on the left in England.

  A. to drive; to drive

  B. to drive; driving

  C. to driving; to drive

  D. to drive; to driving

  6. Has the boy who was made use of ________ realized his mistake?

  A. stealing B. stolen

  C. to steal D. for stealing

  7. The old professor said to us every part of the material should be made use of ________ the power station.

  A. to build B. building

  C. build D. built

  8. Every possible means ________ to prevent the air pollution, but the sky is still not clear.

  A. has to use B. are used

  C. has been used D. have used

  参考答案:

  I. 1. is used to 2. wasn't used to/didn't get/become used to 3. is used for 4. is used as 5. used to 6. to use 7. be/become/get used to 8. used to 9.use 10.used to 

  II. 1. are used to 2. got used to 3. be used to 4. used to 5. is used to 6. am not used to 7. am not used to 8. is used 9. to use 10. am not used to

  III.1-4 CDAB 5-8 DCAC

  

A. 选用适当的词组填空:
1. Life here is much easier than it ____________ be.
2. He ______________ hard work.
3. I’ve lived in Paris for six years now, so I’m quite _________ the traffic.
4. It’s difficult to understand Scottish people if you______________ their accent.
5. It was a bit of a shock: I___________________ paying so much for a sandwich and a glass of beer.
6. I don’t play tennis much these days, but I ____________.
7. The wood ______________ make desks and chairs.

B. 动词填空:
1. You’ll soon get used to ___________(live) in the country.
2. I never used to ___________(eat) cakes, but I eat a lot now.
3. I’m not used to _____________(treat) like this.
4. When I was younger I was used to ____________(walk) long distances.
5. I used to ___________(go) swimming on Saturdays.
6. Didn’t she use to ____________(live) in Germany?

C. 翻译句子:
1.几个月后他就习惯了一个人生活了。
 _____________________________________.
2.我过去一直住在伦敦。
 _____________________________________.
3.刀是用来切东西的。
 _____________________________________.
4.人们曾认为地球是扁的。
 _____________________________________.

D. 中考链接

(   )1. There ________ a lot of red-crowned cranes in this area.
 A.was used to   B.was used to be   C.used to   D.used to be
(   )2. She used to ______ with her parents, but now she is used to ______ with her classmates   
    at school. (泰州)
 A. live; living    B.live; live     C.living; living    D.living; live
(   )3. He used to ____ in a small village, but now he has been used to ___ in the big city. (镇江)
 A. live; living    B.live; live    C.living;living     D.living; live
(   )4. Mrs Green _______ go to hospital, but now she is in good health. 
 A. has to    B.need to      C.used to    D.ought to

1. My cousin is used to ________(study) with his new friends in Australia. (南京)
2. My mother is used to ________(get) up early to cook breakfast for us. (一模)
3. Mr Bush is used to __________(get) up early in the morning. (一模)
4. Jim has lived in Australia for two years. He is used to _________(驾驶) on the left.

相关拓展(初中学生了解即可,不要求运用)
used to 正式的否定形式为usedn’t 疑问形式为used提前。 
I usedn’t to like her.  我未曾喜欢过她。
Used you to go there? 您过去可常去那里?
There used to be a cinema here, usedn’t there?
但在口语中或不拘谨的书面语中其否定及疑问形式均与did连用。
I didn’t use to like her.
Did you use to go there?
There used to be a cinema here, didn’t there?

 

参考答案:

A.

1. used to  2. is used to  3. used to  4. are not used to  5. was not used to  6. used to  7. is used to

B.

1. living  2. eat  3. being treated(该题为动名词的被动形式,初中不作要求)  4. walking  5. go  6. live

C.

1. He was used to living alone several month later.

2. I used to live in London.

3. The knife is used to cut things.

4. People used to think that the earth was flat.

D.

1. D  2. A   3. A  4. C 

1. studying  2. getting  3. getting  4. driving

“used to” 结构详解

used to意为过去经常;以前常常”,后接动词原形,表示过去的习惯。如: He used to play football after school. 
他过去常常在放学后踢足球。
2. used to
的否定形式和疑问形式可以借助于助动词did或自身形式构成。
: He didn’t use to smoke. =He used not / usedn’t to smoke. 
他过去不经常抽烟。
Did there use to be wolves here? =Used there to be wolves here? 
这里以前常有狼出没吗?
3.
含有used to的反意疑问句的附加部分常借助于助动词did构成。如: She used to go to work by bus, didn’t she? 
她过去常常坐公共汽车去上班,是吗?
She didn’t use to do it, did she? 
她过去不做那种事,是吗?
有时候在附加疑问部分中也可以使用usedn’t。如:
There used to be a bookshop here, usedn’t there?
这里过去有一家书店,是吗?
相关拓展:used to dobe / get used to doing 的区别
used to中的to是动词不定式的标志,后面只能跟动词原形,表示过去存在但现在已经停止的情况或习惯;be / get used to中的to 是介词,后面只能跟名词或v-ing形式,意为习惯于()……”。如:
I’m used to hard work. 
我习惯于艰苦的工作。
My grandfather is used to getting up early in the morning. 
我的祖父习惯于早起。
[
跟踪练习
I. 
根据括号内的要求完成下面句子每空一词含缩写。
1. Tom used to watch TV.(
改为否定句)
Tom _______ _______ _______ watch TV.
2. Helen used to play computer games a lot every day.(
改为一般疑问句)
_______ Helen _______ _______ play computer games a lot every day?
3. Eric used to be very thin. (
改为反意疑问句)
Eric used to be very thin, _______ _______?
II. 
用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 
4. My sister used to _______ (be) a nurse. 
5. I’m used to _______ (wash) my face with cold water.

Key:
1. didn’t use to / used not to 2. Did; use to 
3. didn’t / usedn’t he 4. be 5. washing 



知识拓展:be used to do sth =be used for doing sth 表示被用于干某事。
A knife is used to cut things.=A knife is used for cutting things.


 

 


2014年06月03日 - sanfecathy - 2014中高考英语园地

 Used to 的用法

 


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