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中考英语考前错题本 (P篇)  

2014-05-29 13:10:59|  分类: 中考错题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语考前错题本 (P字母篇)

paper 

【误】 Please give me two letter papers.

【正】 Please give me two sheets of letter paper.

【析】 paper作为纸讲为不可数名词。

【误】 Each student must write paper on what he learned.

【正】 Each student must write a paper on what he learned.

【析】 这里的paper作为论文讲,是可数名词。paper的这种用法还可以用于证件、报纸、考卷等。

parent 

【误】 My parents and I are both interested in football.

【正】 My parents and I are all interested in football.

【析】 parents即为父母、双亲,指两个人,加上自己为三个人,所以只能用all而不能用both.

pass 

【误】 The ship pasted the channel.

【正】 The ship passed the channel.

【析】 pass为动词,而past则为副词,不要混淆,如: My father has been ill for the past two weeks. All the students passed the exam.

pay 

【误】 Please help me do this job, and I will pay for you later.

【正】 Please help me do this job and I will pay you later.

【析】 为某工作付给工人工资应为pay somebody, 而pay for something是为某物付款,如: You can buy all the things you want. I'll pay for those.

people 

【误】 There are five h undred peoples here.

【正】 There are five hundred people here.

【误】 There is only one people.

【正】 T here is only one person.

【误】 People there is friendly.

【正】 People there are friendly.

【析】 people作为人讲时为复数名词,如要讲一个人应用one person, 而不能用people, 讲若干人时用people而不能加s,这样的用法还有police(警察)等,这些概念用 单数时要换其他的词. 如: people- a person; police-policeman policewoman; youth-a young man/woman.

picture 

【误】 There are some spots in the picture.

【正】 There are some spots on the picture.

【误】 There is a young woman on the picture.

【正】 There is a young woman in the picture.

【析】 指溅落在画面上的灰尘,污物是on the picture,即讲与画面内容无关的东西用on,而in the picture用于讲画面的内容。

pity 

【误】 What pity that her mother must always suffer!

【正】 What a pity that her mother must always suffer!

【析】 pity作为遗憾之事讲常加不定冠词;但要注意作为同情、怜悯讲则 不加冠词,为不可数名词,如: I feel pity for you. 它还可以用作动词,如: He pitied the poor people.

【误】 I have pity for you.

【正】 I have pity on you.

【析】 可怜某人时应用have (take) pity on somebody,这是个惯用法。

place 

【误】 Last year he went to America. He travelled from place to another.

【正】 Last year he went to America. He travelled from place to place (from one place to another).

【析】 到处译为英文时为from place to place请不要在place之前加冠词。这种用法在有些语法书中叫作零冠词用法,如:一户挨一户为door by door,手拉手为hand in hand.

【误】 The accident was taken place in that street.

【正】 The accident took place in that street.

【析】 take place为发生,它不能用于被动态,这样的词还有happen等。

【误】 There is no place in the bus.

【正】 There is no room in the bus.

【析】 room这里为不可数名词,意为空间,即没有地方了。place多指场所所在之地。

【误】 I came here to take place of Mr Smith.

【正】 I came here to take the place of Mr Smith.

【析】 take the place of 意为代替、取代某人某事。

play 

【误】 Do you want to play guitar?

【正】 Do you want to play the guitar?

【误】 I like t o play the bridge.

【正】 I like to play bridge(桥牌).

【析】 play作为玩讲时,在各种乐器前要加冠词,在各种体育运动前则没有冠词。

please 

【误】 My friend pleased me to his birthday party yesterday.

【正】 My friend invited me to his birthday party yesterday.

【析】 please作为动词时其词义不是请,而是高兴、愿意等意,如: She always does what she pleases. (她总是想做什么就做什么。)又如: It's hard to please all. 而please作为请讲时为语气词,多用于祈使句中,如: Please come in.

【误】 Both the teacher and the mother were pleased to the little girl.

【正】 Both the teacher and the mother were pleased with the little girl.

【析】 对某人表示满意、喜欢,应用be pleased with somebody. 对某事感到高兴和满意时多用be pleased at或about,但有时也可用with,却不能用of.

pleasure 

【误】 The boy gave his parents a lot of pleasures.

【正】 The boy gave his parents a lot of pleasure.

【析】 pleasure作为高兴、愉快、享乐、娱乐 讲时为不可数名词 。

【误】 It is pleasure to work with you.

【正】 It is a pleasure to work with you.

【析】 pleasure作为一件或某件乐事、高兴之事讲时为 可数名词,如: It is one of my pleasures.

police 

【误】 The police has not found the cause of the accident.

【正】 The police have not found the cause of the accident.

【析】 police为复数名词,它没有单数形式。如果要讲一个警察 要用a policeman,两个要用two policemen,或a policewoman, two policewomen.

prepare 

【误】 I'm preparing the exam.

【正】 I'm preparing for the exam.

【误】 We'll return in time for you to prepare for dinner.

【正】 We'll return in time for you to prepare dinner.

【析】 prepare既是及物动词,又是不及物动词。作及物动词时 其后面所跟的事物是正在 准备的;而作不及物动词时for后面的事物是目标。如: I'm preparing for the exam. 应

译为我正在为考试做准备。同样的用法还有search与search for.

present 

【误】 Don't worry. I can present the meeting.

【正】 Don't worry. I can be present at the meeting.

【析】 present作为出席、在场讲时,是形容词而不应 用作动词。其动词意为 送给;赠给;提出,如: The reporter presented a rguments of his idea.

 put

【误】 She put off her red dress and put on the green one.

【正】 She took off her red dress and put on the green on e.

【析】 与put连用的介词很多,一般来讲on与off是一对相反的意 义的介词,如: turn on (打开),turn off(关上),穿衣服是p ut on,但脱衣服却只能用take off,而put o ff是推迟、使某人下车、关掉之意,如: They put off the exam because t he national holiday. (因国家假日而推迟考期。)Could you put me off at the Town Ha ll. (请在市政厅让我下车。)Please put off the wireless before you leave. (走之前 请关掉无线电。)

 

 

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