注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

一可的博客

 
 
 

日志

 
 

中考英语考前错题本 (F篇)  

2014-05-29 12:55:28|  分类: 中考错题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
中考英语考前错题本 (F字母篇)

fail 

  【误】 Tom failed his exam.

  【正】 Tom failed in his exam.

  【正】 Tom failed to pass the exam.

  【析】 fail为不及物动词,其后可用in加名词,或直接接不定式。

  family 

  【误】 I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's families are waiting for me .

  【误】 I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's family is waiting for me.

  【正】 I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's family are waiting for me.

  【析】 family是集合名词,把它当作整体看它是单数,如看作家庭中的每个成员则为复数。如:Your family are very kind to me. My family is very large.

  far 

  【误】 My school is ten miles far from here.

  【正】 My school is ten miles away from here.

  【析】 far一般不与实际距离连用。

  【误】 "Did you walk far?"

  "Yes,I walked far." 

  【正】 "Did you walk far?"

  "Yes, I walked a long way." 

  【析】 一般肯定句中不用far单独作状语,而用a long way.far组成的常用词组有:as far as. ①远至,一直到。如:He walked as far as the station. ②就……而言。如:As far as he was concerned these books were very good. ③只要。如:I can help you as far as I can. so for到目前为止。例:He is very well so far.

  farther further 

  far有两个比较级,即farther和further,其意思略有不同:farther主要用于表示距离的远近,如:Milan is farther away than Rome. 而further则是指"进一步的",如:Will we need any further discussion on this matter.

  fast 

  【误】 A fast train runs fastly.

  【正】 A fast train runs fast.

  【析】 fast其形容词与副词形式相同。

  fast soon 

  fast指行动本身的速度快,如:The foreigner speaks too fast. 而soon则多指两个动作之间间隔短,时间到来的迅速,如:She will come soon.

  feel 

  【误】 I feel badly about my mistakes.

  【正】 I feel bad about my mistakes.

  【析】 感观动词如feel, smell等后面要接形容词而不是副词。feel good是指某人精神好,而feel well是指人身体状况良好。

  【误】 I try not to hurt her feeling.

  【正】 I try not to hurt her feelings.

  【析】 feeling在作"感情"讲时要用复数,而作"感觉"讲则要用单数。如:I have a feeling that we will win the game.

  few 

  【误】 Few of them is very good.

  【正】 Few of them are very good.

  【析】 few意为"几乎没有",但要用复数谓语动词。如果讲有一些人应用a few, 如:There were only a few people in the street.

  【误】 There are less farms than there used to be.

  【正】 There are fewer farms than there used to be.

  【析】 few的比较级为fewer,其后接可数名词;而little的 比较级为less,其后接不可数名词。

  field 

  【误】 He is a famous scientist on the field of physics.

  【正】 He is a famous scientist in the field of physics.

  【析】 in the field是"在田野上"或是"在某一学科领域内",而on the field则多指"在战场上"。如:He lost his life on the battle field.

  fill 

   【误】 She filled orange into my glass.

  【正】 She filled my glass with orange.

  【析】 表示要用某种物品装满某容器时要用fill with词组,如:The boy ran back home filled with joy.

  fill full 

  fill是动词,但有及物与不及物两种用法,当表示"充满"之意时是不及物动词,应用fill with,如:The little girl's eyes filled with tears. 而当表示"使……装满某物"时,是及物动词,如:He filled his pocket with books. 而be filled with应看作系表结构,如:The boy's mother was filled with anger. full是形容词,要用be full of这一词组,如:The boy was full of joy.

  find 

  【误】 He has finded his lost bike.

  【正】 He has found his lost bike.

  【析】 find是不规则动词,其过去式和过去分词均是found。但found一词又意为"建立",它是规则动词,其过去式及过去分词均为founded.

  【误】 It is very difficult to look for a suitable job.

  【正】 It is very difficult to find a suitable job.

  【析】 look for为"寻找",而find是找到。寻找工作并不难,难的应是找到合适的工作。

  find find out 

  find out意为"找出、算出、发现",如:I have found out how to do it. 而find的主要侧重点在找到某物,如:I find my book under the desk.

  finish 

  【误】 I finished to read that book last night.

  【正】 I finished reading that book last night.

  【析】 英文中有些动词其后只能用动名词作宾语而不能用不定式作宾语,这样的动词在中考范围内有两个,即finish和enjoy。

  fire 

  【误】 There's no smoke without a fire.

  【正】 There's no smoke without fire.

  【析】 此句应译为中文"无风不起浪"。fire作为物质名词"火"讲时为不可数名词,而作为"炉火"、"火灾"讲则是可数名词,如:There was a fire in the next street last month. 如要讲"着火了"要用be on fire, 如:The factory was

  on fire.

  【误】 The man fired to us.

  【正】 The man fired at us.

  【析】 fire (on) at均指"向某目标开火",at用于较小目标,而on用于较大目标。

  first 

  【误】 Is this your firstly visit to Beijing?

  【正】 Is this your first visit to Beijing?

  【析】 除了在强调第一、第二、第三等场合中有时还可见firstly一词外,这个词已不多见,而均被first取代。first还有"首先"、"首次"、"第一次"之意。

  

  follow 

  【误】 I received a letter which ran as follow.

  【正】 I received a letter which ran as follows.

  【析】 as follows是惯用法,其意为"如 下",不论在任何场合均要用follows.

  【误】 As follows are his arguments.

  【正】 The following are his arguments.

  【析】 as follows主要用于句尾,而the following则用于句首。

  food 

  【误】 Too much sweet foo d, such as cakes, chocolates,pastry…may increase your weight.

  【正】 Too many foods, such as cakes, chocolates,pastry…may increase your weight.

  【析】 food泛指食物时为不可数名词,如:There is no food for supper. 而指一种种食物时则用作可数名词。

  foot 

  【误】 There is a fivefeetwide bridge.

  【正】 There is a fivefootwide bridge.

  【析】 用连字符组成的形容词中所有名词均要用单数形式。

  【误】 We went to college on feet.

  【正】 We went to college on foot.

  【析】 by后面加接交通工具时,不应加任何冠词,不要用名词的复数形式。如加了某些修饰词后,其前面的介词要作适当的改变,如:I came to school in his car yesterday. I go to shool on a train.

  for 

  【误】 I wanted to go to the pub for having a drink.

  【正】 I wanted to go to the pub for a drink.

  【正】 I wanted to go to the pub to have a drink.

  【析】 用for表示目的时,其后面只能接名词,而不要接动名词。

  【误】 I went to the office for seeing the headmaster.

  【正】 I went to the office to see the headmaster.

  【析】 用不定式来表示动作的目的。

  【误】 I will leave Beijing to Shanghai.

  【正】 I will leave Beijing for Shanghai.

  【正】 I will leave for Shanghai.

  【析】 leave for为一固定搭配,不要改动。

  【误】 I bought a book to you.

  【正】 I bought a book for you.

  【误】 He is a friend for us.

  【正】 He is a friend to us.

  【析】 在英文中"为"一词在泛指时用to, 在特指时要用for.

  【误】 This food is good to us.

  【正】 T his food is good for us.

  【析】 词组be good (bad) for 表示"对……有好(坏)处"。

  【误】 For I was feeling quite hungry, I wanted to have lunch.

  【正】 I wanted to have lunch, for I was fe eling quite hungry.

  【析】 for作为"因为"讲时一般不要置于句首,而且口气也比because弱的多。

  forget 

  【误】 I left my key.

  【正】 I left my key at home.

  【正】 I forgot my key.

  【析】 leave是"丢下"之意,所以一定要接地点状语,而forget是"忘记",所以不用接地点状语。

  【误】 I will not forget the rules.

  【正】 I will never forget the rules.

  【误】 Please don't forget posting my letter on your way home.

  【正】 Please don't forget to post my letter on your way home.

  【析】 要注意forget to do something为"忘了去作某事",而forget doing something则应译为"对已经作过的事记不起来了"。如:He forget returning the book to the library. 应译为"他忘记已把书还给图书馆这件事了。"同样用法的词还有remember和regret.

  free 

  【误】 You can speak free in front of my parents.

  【正】 You can speak freely in front of my parents.

  【析】 free作为副词时意为"免费"、"不必付款",如:You can eat free in my restaurant. 而freely则意为"自由地"、"无限制地"。

  French 

  【误】 She comes from French.

  【正】 She comes from France.

  【析】 French是"法语"、"法国的",而France才是"法国"。

  

  friend 

  【误】 He nodded to me friendly.

  【正】 He nodded to me in a friendly fashion.

  【析】 friendly是形容词,不是副词。在英语中应避免讲He is a friend of my mother. 又比如:I go to school with my friend. 从语法上讲是对的但不是习惯上英语的说法。而应讲He is a friend of my mother's. I go to school with a friend. be friends with 则是"交朋友"之意,例如:I hope you will be friends with me. 而不应讲I hope you wi ll be my friend. 交朋友还有一惯用法是make friends.

  from 

  【误】 Where do you come from?I come from the library. 

  【正】 Where do you come from?I come from England. 

  【正】 Where did you come from?I came from the library. 

  【析】 Where do you come from?应意为"你是从什么国家(地方)来的?"(即意为"你是哪的人?")而Where did you come from? 才是"你刚刚从哪来?"

  front 

  【误】 There are three tall trees in the front of my house.

  【正】 There are three tall trees in front of my house.

【析】 in front of是某物体外部的前面,而in the front of是在某物体内部的前面。如:The bus driver is seated in the front of the bus.

 chance和opportunity的区别 - 玉兔王子 - bilixiang的博客

  义务教育英语课程标准五级词汇表(点击每一个单词,可直接链接到这个单词的用法.)

  评论这张
 
阅读(3)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017