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中考英语考前错题本 (E篇)  

2014-05-29 12:53:22|  分类: 中考错题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 中考英语考前错题本 (E字母篇)

each 

【误】 Every of them has his habit.

【正】 Each of them has his habit.

【析】 each可以作形容词,但也可作代词,而eve ry只能作形容词。

【误】 The manager comes to America almost each month.

【正】 The manager comes to America almost every month.

【析】 each与ever y都作形容词讲时,都有"每个"之意,但有不同。each多指个体,而every则多指整体。如:We want every student to succeed. each不同来表达总体概念,所以不能与almost, nearly, likely等词连用。

【误】 We each has a book.

【正】 We each have a book.

【析】 each 作同位语时,其数应与其同位的名词相同,而each作主语时则应取其单数形式。 

each other one another 

each other与one another这两个词组的区别在很多 语法书中强调each other是两者之间,而one another是多者之间,其实不然,如:All students must care for each other, must love and help each other. 事实上这两个词组是同义的,如果要讲有什么区别的话,当我们非常笼统地谈,而不特指什么人时,多用one anoth er.

early 

【误】 Could you come here more early?

【正】 Could you come here earlier?

【析】 单音节和少数双音节副词的比较级和最高级要用er和est来作其结尾,如fast, soon, early, hard, long, near等。

earth 

【误】 What on the earth do you mean?

【正】 What on earth do you mean?

【析】 on earth这一词组在句中为的是加强语气,其意为"究竟"、"到底"。而作为"地球"讲时则要加定冠词,如:How far is the earth from the moon. 而作为"泥土"讲时则为不可数名词,如:He filled the pot with earth and wanted to plant some flowers.

easy 

【误】 You can easy imagine my surprise.

【正】 You can easily imagine my surprise.

【析】 easy只在有限的词组中被用作副词,如take it easy (不要紧张),go easy, stand easy等。 例如:Easy come, easy go. (钱来的容易花的也快. )Easier said than done. (说的容易做着难。) 

east 

【误】 Japan is on the east of China.

【正】 Japan is to the east of China.

【析】 在讲述地理位置时,有3个介词常用,它们是in, on和to, 其中in表示处于所表达的范围之内,如:Shanghai is in the east of China. on则表示双方接壤,如:North Korea is on the northeast of China. 而表示互不相接的两部分时则用to, 如:Taiwan is to the east of Fujian.

either 

【误】 -I don't like opera.

-I don't like too. 

【正】 -I don't like opera.

-I don't like either. 

【析】 在否定句中用either表示"也",而在肯定句中用too表示"也"。

【误】 Either you or I are right.

【正】 Either you or I am right.

【析】 这在语法书中被称作就近原则,即哪个主语离谓语动词近,则应采用与哪个主语相一致的谓语动词,相同用法的还有neither…nor…,not only…but also…,以及or在连接两个主语时。如:You or he is to go home. The others will have to stay in the classroom.

elder 

【误】 My older brother has gone to Shanghai.

【正】 My elder brother has gone to Shanghai.

【析】 在表示兄姐的长幼时应用elder表示"哥哥姐姐",如:my elder sister 姐姐,但表示岁数时则多用older,如:She is two years older than I.

empty 

【误】 Are these seats empty?

【正】 Are these seats taken?

【析】 empty是指空洞的没有任何物体,如:The house was empty, 其意思是没有任何家具或屋内无人。但座位是否有人坐应用take.

English 

【误】 My sister studied English language very well.

【正】 My sister studied the English language very well.

【正】 My sister studied English very well.

【析】 在泛指某一种学科时,不应加冠词,如:I like history.但如特指某一门学科时则应加冠词,如:He likes the history of America.

enjoy 

【误】 I enjoy to play football.

【正】 I enjoy playing football.

【析】 enjoy后要接动名词,而不接不定式。

【误】 Did y ou enjoy at the English evening?

【正】 Did you enjoy yoursel f at the English evening?

enough 

【误】 I'm sorry. You are not studying enough carefully.

【正】 I'm sorry. You are not studying carefully enough.

【析】 enough要用在形容词或副词之后。

【误】 Do you have enough of money?

【正】 Do you have enough money?

【正】 Do you have enough of the money?

【误】 The coffee isn't enough.

【正】 There isn't enough coffee.

【析】 enough可以作be动词的表语,但其主语应是代词,如:That's enough. It was enough. 如果是名词时应换 用上面的句型。

entrance 

【误】 The entrance of the cinema is on your right.

【正】 The entrance to the cinema is on your right.

【析】 在表示通往某处时entrance后面多用to作介词。这样的用法还有key to the door, answer to the question等。

evening 

【误】 I walked home in a cold evening.

【正】 I walked home on a cold evening.

【析】 in the evening这一词组如加上另外的修饰词则其介词应换为on.

everyone 

【误】 Everyo ne of you goes to class.

【正】 Every one of you goes to class.

【析】 everyone其后不能接of结构。在否定句中如果要讲"每一个人都没有注意到它",就译作:Nobody noticed it. 要注意Every one of us is not right. 应译为"我们 不都对。"而None of us are right. 才应译为"我们全错了。"

ex am 

【误】 We take part in an exam.

【正】 We take an exam.

【析】 take part in为"参加"某种活动,运动,而在学科中选择某一学科学习并进行考试应用take.

except 

【误】 The room is clean except two desks.

【正】 The room is clean except for two desks.

【误】 I come here every day except for Sunday.

【正】 I come here every day except Sunday.

【析】 在同一类物体中排除某一部分用except, 在不同类物体中排除某一物体时用except for。而except that其后接从句,如:She is a good girl except that she is careless sometimes. 而besides则是"包括在内",如"我学习英语同时还学法语。"应译为:I study English besides French.

exercise 

【误】 The students exercise spoken English in the morning.

【正】 The students practise spoken English in the morning.

【析】 exercise多指运动、训练,而practise则多指把理论付诸于实践的练习。

【误】 Everyone should do exercises every day.

【正】 Everyone should do exercise every day.

【析】 作为运动讲exercise是不可数名词,而当"练习"、"体操"、"早操"则是可数名词,例如:I do a lot exercises in the P.E. class.

chance和opportunity的区别 - 玉兔王子 - bilixiang的博客

  义务教育英语课程标准五级词汇表(点击每一个单词,可直接链接到这个单词的用法.)

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