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中考英语考前错题本 (D篇)  

2014-05-29 12:42:17|  分类: 中考错题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语考前错题本 (D字母篇)

dance 

  【误】 We'll invite you and your wife to a dance party.

  【正】 We'll invite you and your wife to a dancing party.

  【正】 We'll invite you and your wife to a dance.

  【正】 We'll invite you and your wife to a ball.(美语中常用ball作为舞会。)

  date 

  【误】 He studied ten hours a date.

  【正】 He studied ten hours a day.

  【析】 date是指具体日期。如问What's the date today? 应回答具体日期:"October 1st 1998."而day是指1日(24小时)。如What day is today? 问的是星期几,应回答"It's Sunday."

  【误】 Today's date is January first. 1998.

  【正】 Today's date is January 1, 199 8.

  【正】 Today's date is January 1st, 1998.

  【析】 在日期书写中不要用序数词全写,而要用1st, 2nd, 3rd……如果一定要用序数词,其顺序应为:It is the first of January.

  day 

  【误】 This is a book about every day English.

  【正】 This is a book about everyday English.

  【正】 This is an everyday English book.

  【误】 We go to school everyday.

  【正】 We go to school every day.

  【析】 everyday是形容词,意为"日常的",而every day则是"每天"、"天天"之意。

  dead 

  【误】 My father has died for ten years.

  【正】 My father has been dea d for ten years.

  【析】 die是瞬间动词,它可以用于完成时,如:My father has died. 但用于完成时不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。它也可以用于过去时,如:My father died three years ago

  【误】 We'll always remember the deads who were killed in the war.

  【正】 We'll always remember the dead who were killed in the war.

  【析】 形容词前如加定冠词表示一类人,如the rich(富人),the sick(病人),the poor(穷人),其后的谓语动词要用复数,如:The rich are not always happy.

  dead deadly 

  dead在某些词组里 是"完全"、"的确"的意思,如dead right, dead tired, dead sure。而deadly则是"致命的",如:The rich man had many deadly ene mies. 又如:Cancer is a deadly disease. 

  dead died 

  dead是形容词,如:Mrs Ginty was dead. 而died是动词die的过去式及过去分词,如:She died in 1960.但英语中如表达出对某人去世的伤感说法是pass away, 如:My father passed away, this morning.

  deer 

  【误】 In the zoo, there are many deers.

  【正】 In the zoo, there are many deer.

  【析】 deer是单、复数同形的词,如:one deer,two deer,这样的名词还有fish,sheep等。但如果讲There are many fishes here. 这句话应译为"这里有许多种鱼类。"而不应译为"这里有很多鱼。"

  desk 

  【误】 The boy sat in his desk.

  【正】 The boy sat at his desk.

  【析】 在课桌旁坐着应用介词at, 而at desk 则应译为"在学习",at table应译为"在吃饭"。

  die 

  【误】 In South Africa many people died from cancer.

  【正】 In South Africa many people died of cancer.

  【误】 The old man died of overwork.

  【正】 The old man died from overwork.

  【析】 死于疾病应用die of,而死于某种外因事故则多用from.

  【误】 His mother is died.

  【正】 His mother is dead.

  【误】 The old woman was dead at the age of seventy.

  【正】 The old woman died at the age of seventy.

  【析】 dead是形容词,而die是动词。形容词表示状态,动词则表示动作。

  【误】 He died in a traffic accident.

  【正】 He was killed in a traffic accident.

  【析】 由于事故而造成的死亡一般用to be killed.

  【误】 When the doctor came,the old man had already died.

  【正】 When the doctor came,the old man was already dead.

  【正】 The old man died before the doctor came.

  different 

  【误】 My room is different with yours.

  【正】 My room is different from yours.

  【误】 The village is very different w ith what it was.

  【正】 The village is very different from what it was.

  【析】 different from是"与……不同"之意。

  difficult 

  【误】 English is very difficult to be learned.

  【正】 English is very difficult to learn.

  【误】 He learned physics is difficult.

  【正】 It is very difficult for him to learn physics.

  【析】 要学习英语的表达法而不要生硬地按字去译中文。It is difficult for somebody to do something.为"对 于某人来说做某 事很困难。"

  difficulty 

  【误】 There was little difficulty to find him.

  【正】 There was little difficulty in finding him.

  【析】 这种用法还有trouble, 即difficulty (trouble) in doing something.

  dinner 

  【误】 When did you have the supper?

  【正】 When did you have supper?

  【析】 英语中一日三餐前无冠词,例如:

  【误】 I had a lunch at 12 o'clock.

  【正】 I had lunch at 12 o'clock.

  【析】 在某些特定场合,如指某次宴会,则要加冠词,如:The dinner was gi ven in honour of the guest.

  dress 

  【误】 My father bought a new dress for himself yesterday.

  【正】 My father bought a new suit for himself yesterday.

  【析】 一般来讲男套装用suit,女服则用dress;作男服的服 装店是tailor shop (tailor's), 而做女装的服装店是dressmaker's.

  【误】 The mother dressed the clothes on her child.

  【正】 The mother dressed her child.

  【析】 dress作及物动词当"穿衣服"讲时,其后不能接衣服而只能接人,如:The boy is still too young to dress himself . 但作为一种穿着打扮的状态时,则多用其过去分词作形容词,如:He is not dressed in his new suit.或She is dressed in red. 词组dress up是过节日时应服装整齐,如:They dressed up for the holiday.

  dress have on put on wear 

  要区别这几个动词需分清是表示动作的动词还是表示状态的动词 。表示状态的动词是have on和wear,如:He has on a white coat. He was wearing heavy shoes. 而put on则表示穿衣的动作,如:Put on your coat,it is cold outside.而dress即可以作状态又可以作动作,作动作讲时其后面接人而不能接衣服,作穿着状态时则多用dressed的形式。如:I saw a lady dressed in red. I saw a girl dressing herself.

  drop 

  【误】 The students fell their voice.

  【正】 The students dropped their voice.

  【析】 drop与fall都可以表示"落下、掉下"之意,有时可以互换,如:The dictionary fell (dropped) from the table. 但drop还可以作及物动词,而fall一般只能作不及物动词。

  【误】 I shall drop in you.

  【正】 I shall drop in on you.

  【析】 drop in是随便拜访某人,而其后要接人时应加介词on再加人称。

  during 

  【误】 During I was sick,I couldn't eat well.

  【正】 While I was sick,I couldn't eat well.

  【析】 during后不能接从句,而when和while后可接从句。

  【误】 I have been studying English during three days.

  【正】 I have been studying English for three days.

  【析】 during不能表达一个动作持续多长的时间,而只能表达在某段时间内某事件的发生。即带有由during引导的时间状语的句子只能用过去时,不能用完成时。

 

 

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