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succeed, success, successful的用法  

2014-04-08 14:10:01|  分类: 高频词汇 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、succeed的用法

他的计划成功了。

误:His plan was succeeded.

正:His plan succeeded.

析:succeed 表示成功,是不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。

他终于把那个问题解决了。

误:At last he succeeded to solve the problem.

正:At last he succeeded in solving the problem.

析:表示做某事做成功了,succeed 后通常不接不定式,而接 indoing sth。又如:

He succeeded in getting the job.(他谋到了那份工作)

She succeeded in (passing) the exam.(她考试及格了)

注:有时此结构可用作反语,如:

I tried toclean the watch, but only succeeded in breaking it.(我想把表弄干净,结果却弄坏了)

继邱吉尔出任首相的是谁?

误:Who succeeded after Churchill as Prime Minister?

正:Who succeeded Churchill as Prime Minister?

析:succeed 表示接替(某人)”,是及物动词,其后无需用介词 after。但它若表示继承(职位、头衔、财产等)”,则是不及物的,后跟宾语时带介词 to(此时也不用 after),如:

She succeeded to the mayoralty.(她继任市长职位)

比较:She succeeded him to the mayoralty.(她接替他担任市长)

 

二、success的用法

失败是成功之母。

误:Failure is the mother of successes.

正:Failure is the mother of success.

析:success 表示抽象意义的成功,是不可数的;表示具体意 义的成功的人或事”, 则是可数的。

比较:Gig sucess does not usually occur early.(大器晚成)

His new book was a great success.(他新出版的书获得了巨大成功)

再比较:He has had great success in business.(他事业上很成功)

He was a great success in business.(他事业上很成功)

你说服她改变主意了吗?

误:Did you have any success to persuade her to change her mind?

正:Did you have any success in persuading her to change her mind?

析:have success in doing sth=做某事有结果或效果。又如:

What success did you have in finding a new job?(你想找份新工作结果如何?)

三、successful的用法

演出很成功。

误:The performance was successive.

正:The performance was successful.

析:successful=成功的;successive=连续的,接连的,一连串的。如:

We have won five successive games. (我们已连胜五场比赛)

你想找所新房子你找到了吗?

误:Were you successful to find a new house?

正:Were you successful in finding a new house? 

析:表示成功地做某事,be successful 后不能接不定式,而是接 in doing sth,又如:

They were successful in launching a communication satellite. (他们成功地发射了一颗通讯卫 )

 


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