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新译林牛津英语8A Unit 5 Wild animals 重点单词及语法知识点详解  

2014-11-17 11:09:29|  分类: ...Unit 5 Wild a |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1 about some wild animals 关于一些野生动物

2 to use the new words to talk about a wild animal 使用新单词来谈论野生动物

3 to use may for possibility 使用may来谈论可能性;  to use verbs+to-infinitives 使用动词+不定式to

4 the suffixes –ing, -ness, and –ion 后缀-ing-ness,和-ion



1. in the wild 在野外                                              2. have/take pity on 同情,怜悯

3. in fact 事实上                                                    4. look so cute 看起来如此可爱

5. be born 出生,出世                                           6. look like 看起来像

7. at four months old 4个月的时候                            8. not…any more 不再……

9. in the beginning 一开始                                      10. look after 照顾照看      

11. as a result 因此                                                        12. in danger 处于危险中

13. take action 采取行动                                         14. right away 马上,立刻

15. build more panda reserves 建立更多的熊猫保护区16. make laws to protect pandas 颁布法律保护熊猫

17. at birth 出生时 诞生时


1. They turned around but saw nothing.她们转过身去,可什么也没看到。

(1) turn around转身

Jim turned around and saw his parents standing behind him. 吉姆转过身去,发现他的父母在他的身后。

(2) nothing表否定意义的不定代词,意为“没什么”

Nothing is difficult for you, if you try your best.(作主语)

I have nothing, so I don’t want to go with you. 我一无所有,因此我不想与你一起去。(作宾语)

He can find nothing wrong in your composition. 他在你的作文中找不出任何错误。(形容词wrong修饰不定代词nothing时置于其后)

2. frightened与afraid的区别


Millie is frightened of snakes. 米莉怕蛇。


固定搭配:be afraid of

Don’t be afraid of dogs.不要怕狗。

What happened?发生什么事了?

3. happen vi 发生

What happened to her?她发生了什么事?

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

I happen to meet my old friends in the street.我碰巧在街上遇见我的老朋友。

辨析: happentake place 前者是碰巧发生,带有偶然性;后者指经过安排的发生。

I happened to be there. 我碰巧在那儿。

When will the wedding take place?婚礼什么时候举行? 

4. He searched the bushes.他搜索了灌木丛。

search, findlook for的区别


The police searched every room in the building. 警察搜查了楼里的每个房间。


Simon searched carefully but he found nothing in the bushes. 西蒙在灌木丛中找的很仔细,但什么也没发现。

look for强调动作的过程,侧重指“找,寻找”

Millie is looking for Simon.米莉正在找西蒙。

5. agobefore


I saw them two days ago.

Make a phone call to me before 7:00.


I read the story in another book before.我以前在另外一本书中看到过这个故事。

I talked to my parents about it two days ago. 我两天前跟我父母谈过此事。

6.spend, cost, take, pay的辨析


spend +时间/金钱 on sth

He spent much money on clothes.他在穿衣上花了很多钱。

spend +时间/金钱 (in) doing sth

I spent much time reading.

pay for......付款

Let me pay for it.让我们来付吧。



It takes…to do…

The pen cost me ten yuan.这支钢笔花了我10元钱。

It took me 2 hours to finish doing my homework yesterday.  昨天夜里我花了两个小时完成作业。

7. few, little, a few, a little的用法区别

few+可数名词, alittle+不可数名词; a few/a little为肯定含义,few/little为否定含义,意为“没多少”




8. without的用法


The letter was posted without a stamp.那封信没贴邮票就寄出去了。

We got there without any trouble.我们到达那儿,一路上没遇到麻烦。

用在nonot never等否定副词之后(强调肯定)没有不,没有则不能

You can’t get rich without taking risks.人不冒险不富。


She entered the room without knocking.她没敲门就进了房间。


With out water, we can’t live.没有水,我们就不能生存。

9. no longer, not any longer, no more, not any more的用法区别

no longer=not any longer; no more=not any more

He is no longer/no more a child.= He is not a child any longer/more. 他不再是一个小孩。

10. at least的用法; at least adv.至少,无论如何,反正

She was at least that much shorter than me.她至少比我矮那么多。

11. as…as…的基本用法

He is as strong as a horse.他跟马一样壮。

as long as意思是“长达之久;只要

I took us as long as three years to carry out the plan.

as…as possible意思是“尽可能

Please reply me as soon as possible.请尽快回复。

She looks as pretty as before.

as well as意思是“也;像一样“

She cooks as well as her mother does.她做饭像她母亲一样好。

12.  listen, hear, sound的辨析

    listen  “听” 强调的是动作;

    hear   “听见”, 强调的是结果

    sound  “听起来”,是连系动词,后接形容词without的用法

即时练习:Sandy, please             to me carefully.

        I can’t           your words.

        The music            wonderful.

13. remember 意思是“记得、想起、回忆起” 反义词是“forget”

   remember +doing 记得做过某事


   remember + to do 记得去做某事


14.tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人干某事

tell sb. not to do sth. 叫某人不干某事



15. keep on doing sth. 意为持续做某事,与go on doing sth.同义


(1) I may die without them. 没有它们我会死的。

(2) They’re the kings of the animal world. 它们是动物世界之王。

(3) When Xi Wang was born, she weighed just 100 grams. 当希望出生的时候,它只有100重。

(4) When she was six months old, she began to eat bamboo. 当她六个月的时候,她开始吃竹子。

(5) When she was 20 months old, she learnt to look after herself. 当她20个月的时候,她学会自己照顾自己。

(6) Sadly, giant pandas face serious problems in the wild. 可悲的是,大熊猫在野外面临严峻的问题。

(7) As a result, pandas may not have a place to live or food to eat. 结果,熊猫可能没有地方居住或没有吃的事物。

(8) We should take action right away. 我们应当立即采取行动。


1 情态动词may


2 动词不定式做宾语

  当句中已经有谓语动词,而我们又要表达不止一个动作概念时,其余的动词可以使用非谓语形式来表达。动词不定式就是动词的一种非谓语形式,其基本形式是‘to+动词原形’。动词不定式在句中常作谓语动词的宾语,这一类的谓语动词常见的有:agree, choose, decide, forget, hope, learn, like, plan, refuse, remember, seem, want, wish, would like




1 抓住动物的外貌特征和能力去写。

2 描述动物的性格特点,当前面临的险境和采取什么措施来保护它们


1 … is my favourite animal

2 It is always very friendly.

3 It likes…

4 It doesn’t like…

5 It lives in a …

6 If people keep taking away the land, ….will have nowhere to live.




1. 和往常一样                      2. 坐下

___________________________                ___________________________

3. 转身                            4. 在去…的路上

___________________________                ___________________________

5. 听起来像                        6. 自言自语

___________________________                ___________________________

7. 跑开                            8. 拿起

___________________________                ___________________________

9. 动物救助中心                   10. 仔细地听

___________________________                ___________________________

11站在树边                       12. 来自灌木丛中

___________________________                ___________________________


1. ___________(像往常一样), Mr Wang told us an unusual story today.

2. We had a great time ____________(在去...的路上)Suzhou.

3. Daniel’s pen fell from the desk.

  Lucy _______ it ________ (捡起,拿起)and gave it back to him.

4. We must _________________ (认真听)during the class.

5. Kitty sings very well. Her voice ____________ (听起来像...a famous singer.

6. Suddenly, he heard a whisper from his back.

  He ______________ (转身)at once, but he saw nothing.

7.It’s funny that the old man always _____________(自言自语) .

8.________________________ (站在树边)is dangerous on such a rainy day.

9.There are lots of homeless(无家可归) cats and dogs in ____________________ (动物救助中心).

10.I can hear some strange sounds _____________________(来自灌木从中).


1. 跟往常一样,他听到了一些奇怪的声音。


2. 他害怕晚上出去。


3. 你发生了什么事?




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