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新译林牛津英语8A Unit 5 Wild animals 重点单词及语法知识点详解  

2014-11-17 11:09:29|  分类: ...Unit 5 Wild a |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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课文重点内容和语法知识

1 about some wild animals 关于一些野生动物

2 to use the new words to talk about a wild animal 使用新单词来谈论野生动物

3 to use may for possibility 使用may来谈论可能性;  to use verbs+to-infinitives 使用动词+不定式to

4 the suffixes –ing, -ness, and –ion 后缀-ing-ness,和-ion

 

一、【重点短语】

1. in the wild 在野外                                              2. have/take pity on 同情,怜悯

3. in fact 事实上                                                    4. look so cute 看起来如此可爱

5. be born 出生,出世                                           6. look like 看起来像

7. at four months old 4个月的时候                            8. not…any more 不再……

9. in the beginning 一开始                                      10. look after 照顾照看      

11. as a result 因此                                                        12. in danger 处于危险中

13. take action 采取行动                                         14. right away 马上,立刻

15. build more panda reserves 建立更多的熊猫保护区16. make laws to protect pandas 颁布法律保护熊猫

17. at birth 出生时 诞生时

三、【重点句型】

1. They turned around but saw nothing.她们转过身去,可什么也没看到。

(1) turn around转身

Jim turned around and saw his parents standing behind him. 吉姆转过身去,发现他的父母在他的身后。

(2) nothing表否定意义的不定代词,意为“没什么”

Nothing is difficult for you, if you try your best.(作主语)

I have nothing, so I don’t want to go with you. 我一无所有,因此我不想与你一起去。(作宾语)

He can find nothing wrong in your composition. 他在你的作文中找不出任何错误。(形容词wrong修饰不定代词nothing时置于其后)

2. frightened与afraid的区别

frightened可用作表语,也可用作定语。用作定语时,意为“受惊的”。

Millie is frightened of snakes. 米莉怕蛇。

afraid通常只做表语,不做定语。

固定搭配:be afraid of

Don’t be afraid of dogs.不要怕狗。

What happened?发生什么事了?

3. happen vi 发生

What happened to her?她发生了什么事?

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

I happen to meet my old friends in the street.我碰巧在街上遇见我的老朋友。

辨析: happentake place 前者是碰巧发生,带有偶然性;后者指经过安排的发生。

I happened to be there. 我碰巧在那儿。

When will the wedding take place?婚礼什么时候举行? 

4. He searched the bushes.他搜索了灌木丛。

search, findlook for的区别

search强调动作的过程,侧重指“(仔细)搜查,搜寻,搜索”

The police searched every room in the building. 警察搜查了楼里的每个房间。

find强调动作的结果,侧重指“找到,发现”

Simon searched carefully but he found nothing in the bushes. 西蒙在灌木丛中找的很仔细,但什么也没发现。

look for强调动作的过程,侧重指“找,寻找”

Millie is looking for Simon.米莉正在找西蒙。

5. agobefore

ago用于一般过去时,其前往往是一段时间。before可用于多种时态

I saw them two days ago.

Make a phone call to me before 7:00.

ago不可单独使用,须与一段时间连用,但before可以单独使用作状语。

I read the story in another book before.我以前在另外一本书中看到过这个故事。

I talked to my parents about it two days ago. 我两天前跟我父母谈过此事。

6.spend, cost, take, pay的辨析

spendpay

spend +时间/金钱 on sth

He spent much money on clothes.他在穿衣上花了很多钱。

spend +时间/金钱 (in) doing sth

I spent much time reading.

pay for......付款

Let me pay for it.让我们来付吧。

costtake

cost的主语是sth

It takes…to do…

The pen cost me ten yuan.这支钢笔花了我10元钱。

It took me 2 hours to finish doing my homework yesterday.  昨天夜里我花了两个小时完成作业。

7. few, little, a few, a little的用法区别

few+可数名词, alittle+不可数名词; a few/a little为肯定含义,few/little为否定含义,意为“没多少”

即时练习:

   书上有一些苹果。______________________________________________

   瓶子里没有水。________________________________________________

8. without的用法

(表否定)没有,无,不需。

The letter was posted without a stamp.那封信没贴邮票就寄出去了。

We got there without any trouble.我们到达那儿,一路上没遇到麻烦。

用在nonot never等否定副词之后(强调肯定)没有不,没有则不能

You can’t get rich without taking risks.人不冒险不富。

(与-ing形式连用)不,无,没。

She entered the room without knocking.她没敲门就进了房间。

(表条件)若无,若非。

With out water, we can’t live.没有水,我们就不能生存。

9. no longer, not any longer, no more, not any more的用法区别

no longer=not any longer; no more=not any more

He is no longer/no more a child.= He is not a child any longer/more. 他不再是一个小孩。

10. at least的用法; at least adv.至少,无论如何,反正

She was at least that much shorter than me.她至少比我矮那么多。

11. as…as…的基本用法

He is as strong as a horse.他跟马一样壮。

as long as意思是“长达之久;只要

I took us as long as three years to carry out the plan.

as…as possible意思是“尽可能

Please reply me as soon as possible.请尽快回复。

She looks as pretty as before.

as well as意思是“也;像一样“

She cooks as well as her mother does.她做饭像她母亲一样好。

12.  listen, hear, sound的辨析

    listen  “听” 强调的是动作;

    hear   “听见”, 强调的是结果

    sound  “听起来”,是连系动词,后接形容词without的用法

即时练习:Sandy, please             to me carefully.

        I can’t           your words.

        The music            wonderful.

13. remember 意思是“记得、想起、回忆起” 反义词是“forget”

   remember +doing 记得做过某事

   我记得曾告诉过你关于她的事。____________________________________________

   remember + to do 记得去做某事

   你走的时候,记住把灯关掉。______________________________________________

14.tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人干某事

tell sb. not to do sth. 叫某人不干某事

老师叫我们吃健康的食物。_________________________________________________

警察叫那个男孩不要在街上玩。_____________________________________________

15. keep on doing sth. 意为持续做某事,与go on doing sth.同义

  他们一直等了我们两个小时。_______________________________________________

(1) I may die without them. 没有它们我会死的。

(2) They’re the kings of the animal world. 它们是动物世界之王。

(3) When Xi Wang was born, she weighed just 100 grams. 当希望出生的时候,它只有100重。

(4) When she was six months old, she began to eat bamboo. 当她六个月的时候,她开始吃竹子。

(5) When she was 20 months old, she learnt to look after herself. 当她20个月的时候,她学会自己照顾自己。

(6) Sadly, giant pandas face serious problems in the wild. 可悲的是,大熊猫在野外面临严峻的问题。

(7) As a result, pandas may not have a place to live or food to eat. 结果,熊猫可能没有地方居住或没有吃的事物。

(8) We should take action right away. 我们应当立即采取行动。

四【重点语法】

1 情态动词may

  May表示可能性,意为‘也许,可能’常用作肯定句中。

2 动词不定式做宾语

  当句中已经有谓语动词,而我们又要表达不止一个动作概念时,其余的动词可以使用非谓语形式来表达。动词不定式就是动词的一种非谓语形式,其基本形式是‘to+动词原形’。动词不定式在句中常作谓语动词的宾语,这一类的谓语动词常见的有:agree, choose, decide, forget, hope, learn, like, plan, refuse, remember, seem, want, wish, would like

【写作指导】

如何写一篇关于动物的报道

在写一篇关于野生动物的报道之前,必须先选好写作对象,然后进行有目的地观察和相关资料的收集。

1 抓住动物的外貌特征和能力去写。

2 描述动物的性格特点,当前面临的险境和采取什么措施来保护它们

常用写作句型:

1 … is my favourite animal

2 It is always very friendly.

3 It likes…

4 It doesn’t like…

5 It lives in a …

6 If people keep taking away the land, ….will have nowhere to live.

 

练一练:

一、翻译下列短语

1. 和往常一样                      2. 坐下

___________________________                ___________________________

3. 转身                            4. 在去…的路上

___________________________                ___________________________

5. 听起来像                        6. 自言自语

___________________________                ___________________________

7. 跑开                            8. 拿起

___________________________                ___________________________

9. 动物救助中心                   10. 仔细地听

___________________________                ___________________________

11站在树边                       12. 来自灌木丛中

___________________________                ___________________________

二、根据文意填空,完成句子。

1. ___________(像往常一样), Mr Wang told us an unusual story today.

2. We had a great time ____________(在去...的路上)Suzhou.

3. Daniel’s pen fell from the desk.

  Lucy _______ it ________ (捡起,拿起)and gave it back to him.

4. We must _________________ (认真听)during the class.

5. Kitty sings very well. Her voice ____________ (听起来像...a famous singer.

6. Suddenly, he heard a whisper from his back.

  He ______________ (转身)at once, but he saw nothing.

7.It’s funny that the old man always _____________(自言自语) .

8.________________________ (站在树边)is dangerous on such a rainy day.

9.There are lots of homeless(无家可归) cats and dogs in ____________________ (动物救助中心).

10.I can hear some strange sounds _____________________(来自灌木从中).

三、翻译句子:

1. 跟往常一样,他听到了一些奇怪的声音。

_______________________________________________________________

2. 他害怕晚上出去。

_______________________________________________________________

3. 你发生了什么事?

_______________________________________________________________

 


中考英语语法中考英语词汇新牛津英语

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